Glen Mazza's Weblog

https://glenmazza.net/blog/date/20220226 Saturday February 26, 2022

FuelSDK fork now has latest WSDL

For my FuelSDK fork I found another component that would benefit from updating, namely the Partner API WSDL defining the SOAP requests and responses, used by Apache CXF to generate Java classes representing those objects. The main Salesforce branch is still relying on a copy of the WSDL downloaded in 2017. A comparison of the two WSDLs is showing quite a few new and modified request and response objects since then:

ClientID: CustomerID
TaskResult: TblAsyncID
SaveOption: TrackChanges
AccountUser: IsSendable
APIObject: __AdditionalEmailAttribute 1-5.
Attribute: no longer inheriting APIObject
SubscriberResult: ErrorCodeID
TriggeredSendClassEnum
TriggeredSendSubClassEnum
SenderProfile: FallbackFromAddress
deleted: MessagingConfiguration
ChatMessagingEventType
SalesforceSendActivity
ImportDefinition: HasMultipleFiles
ImportResultsSummary: NumberRestricted
JsonWebKey
DirectoryTenant
AuditLogUserContext
AutomationActivity: SerializedObject
AttributeEntityV1
Thumbnail
NameIdReference
CategorynameIdReference
UserBasicsEntity
AssetAnyProperty
Asset
Category
ScheduledRequest
ScheduledConversation

I did need to make two adjustments to the WSDL copied into my fork, as detailed on the project README and commented in the WSDL. For one of them--a mismatch between what the WSDL claims the SOAP response will be for a particular call and what it actually is, causing a validation exception with CXF--I've sent a help ticket to Marketing Cloud requesting they update their WSDL. This particular issue has been around a long time, apparently, as even the 2017 WSDL needed this manual adjustment.

Posted by Glen Mazza in Salesforce at 06:20AM Feb 26, 2022 | Tags:  marketingcloud  salesforce | Comments[0]

https://glenmazza.net/blog/date/20220214 Monday February 14, 2022

FuelSDK fork now on Gradle and JDK 11

I updated my FuelSDK fork to JDK 11 and switched its build from Maven to Gradle. For those running CXF wsdl2java tasks in Maven and wishing to use Gradle instead, comparing the former pom and current build.gradle for this project should help in showing the process involved.

For the CXF wsdl2java process, I used Francisco Mateo's cxf-codegen-gradle plugin which offers a very nice user's guide. The FuelSDK also uses JavaCC to generate some model classes, which thankfully has its own Gradle plugin, allowing me to complete the build script conversion.

Posted by Glen Mazza in Salesforce at 07:00AM Feb 14, 2022 | Tags:  salesforce  cxf  marketingcloud | Comments[0]

https://glenmazza.net/blog/date/20220123 Sunday January 23, 2022

Fork of Marketing Cloud FuelSDK-Java created

I created a fork of Marketing Cloud's FuelSDK to use the latest Log4J (2.17.1 at this time of writing) and Apache CXF (3.5.0). My motivation was to fix the Log4J security issue as posters to the GitHub project were unable at the time to get the Marketing Cloud team's attention on this issue. Since the fork would need testing anyway, I also decided to upgrade CXF from the 3.1.2 dating to July 2015--which probably has its own security problems by now--to the latest 3.5.0 version from December 2021. (As of this writing, the Salesforce Team has upgraded their branch to the JDK 6-friendly Log4J 2.3.2 version, while their CXF version is apparently still at the 2015 version.)

While not all tests currently pass (those that haven't I marked @Ignored in my fork), I believe it is not related to the upgrade, that it would be the same story with main Marketing Cloud branch. I'm reluctant to run the tests fully as many are old and heavily commented out already and as I haven't a development instance of MC I'm concerned about a poorly written test damaging our production setup.

Still, through a couple of weeks at work, the fork has been running fine, we're using it to register and update subscribers and send emails, and it is providing us peace of mind that we're using the latest Log4J and CXF versions.

Posted by Glen Mazza in Salesforce at 05:28PM Jan 23, 2022 | Comments[0]

https://glenmazza.net/blog/date/20210704 Sunday July 04, 2021

Publishing Salesforce platform events via Apex triggers and REST controllers

For change data capture and push topic events, Salesforce itself generates event messages whenever specified changes to specified objects occur. Salesforce also offers platform and generic events to allow for users to send messages of a specified structure at times of the developer's choosing. For coverage of Platform Events, Salesforce offers a Developer Guide as well as a Trailhead Module for hands-on learning.

Salesforce's generic events have their own guide but generally provide less developer support compared to platform events. For one, it is only with the CometD client that generic events can be listened to, and these messages apparently have a message size limit of 3K compared to the 1 MB provided for platform events. On the other hand, some advantages for generic events include its ability to send any arbitrary JSON as well as specify the users to receive each message. While Platform event messages will stream as JSON, they don't appear to support JSON objects within its payload. Instead, JSON objects need to be streamed as JSON strings and manually unpacked from the client receiving the message.

In the steps below I'll be featuring additional functionality beyond that covered in the Trailhead tutorial, providing examples of including data from multiple object types (here, both Accounts and Contacts in one message) as well as publishing platform events via triggers attached to specified objects and via an Apex REST controller (the latter allowing external systems to request that an event be generated.). My Salesforce Java client from a previous tutorial includes support for calling Apex REST controllers and the separate Change Data Capture (CDC) listener can be modified to read the platform events generated, as CDC events are a specialized case of platform events.

  1. Define the custom platform event. The Trailhead tutorial shows how platform events are defined. Here, I'm creating an AccountAndContacts__e event below, to show how we can create a message consisting of multiple sObject types (here, Account and Contact), as well as generate multiple messages to report on all contacts (there is a 128K limit for contacts per message, but for demonstration purposes below I'll be limiting each message to five contacts). Note the Contact field will exist as a JSON string, containing an array of objects (for this example, we'll have the User's Salesforce ID, name, and email address). From the perspective of the platform event, however, we can define this only as a string without specifying further definition for its contents.

    Define Platform Event

  2. Create an Apex method (and test class) for generating platform events.. This generator will create, for a given account, one platform event message for every five contacts at that account. I keep a "calls" static variable to indicate a platform event getting published, which helps immensely when writing tests. Note as given in the comments this variable's lifetime is just within- and per-transaction and not global as it would be in Java, further helping its usage in testing.

    public class AccountAndContactsEventGenerator {
    	
        // Counter to check that this generator is being called (useful for testing objects calling the generator)
        // https://salesforce.stackexchange.com/questions/204805/test-that-a-platform-event-was-published/204806
        // Note, lifetime of this object per transaction, not system-wide as in Java, see:
        // https://developer.salesforce.com/docs/atlas.en-us.apexcode.meta/apexcode/apex_classes_static.htm
        public static Integer calls = 0;
    
        public static void publishAccountAndContactsEvents(Account account) {
            List<AccountAndContacts__e> events = getEventMessages(account);        
            List<Database.SaveResult> results = EventBus.publish(events);
                
            for (Database.SaveResult sr : results) {
                if (sr.isSuccess()) {
                    System.debug('Successfully published event: '+ sr);
                    calls++;
                } else {
                    System.debug('Error when publishing event: ' + sr);
                }
            } 
        }
        
        @testVisible 
        private static List<AccountAndContacts__e> getEventMessages(Account account) {
            List<Contact> contacts = [SELECT FirstName, LastName, Email FROM Contact WHERE AccountId = :account.id]; 
    
            // Sending one event message for every five contacts at the company
            List<AccountAndContacts__e> eventList = new List<AccountAndContacts__e>();
            
            AccountAndContacts__e event = initializeNewEvent(account);
            List<ContactData> contactList = new List<ContactData>();
            for (Integer i = 0; i < contacts.size(); i++) {
                if (i > 0 && math.mod(i, 5) == 0) {
                    event.Contacts__c = JSON.serialize(contactList);
                    contactList.clear();
                    eventList.add(event);
                    event = initializeNewEvent(account);
                }
                ContactData cd = new ContactData();
                Contact con = contacts.get(i);
                cd.userId = con.Id;
                cd.emailAddress = con.Email;
                cd.lastName = con.LastName;
                cd.firstName = con.FirstName;
                contactList.add(cd);
            }
            event.Contacts__c = JSON.serialize(contactList);
            eventList.add(event);
            
            return eventList;
        }
        
        @testVisible
        private static AccountAndContacts__e initializeNewEvent(Account account) {
            AccountAndContacts__e event = new AccountAndContacts__e();
            event.AccountName__c = account.name;
            event.AccountSFID__c = account.id;
            return event;
        }
        
        @testVisible private class ContactData {
            public String userId { get; set; }
            public String emailAddress { get; set ; }
            public String lastName { get; set; }
            public String firstName { get; set; }
        }
    }
    

    Test class: The test creates an account with six contacts (so therefore, two messages will be generated) and parses a sample of the AccountAndContacts__e messages generated to confirm they contain the expected contents. Note within Apex test cases it is not necessary to manually delete objects created as they will be rolled back automatically once the test completes.

    @IsTest
    public class AccountAndContactsEventGeneratorTest {
    
        @IsTest
        private static void testEventGeneration() {
            Account account = new Account();
            account.Name = 'Acme Corp';
            insert account;
    
            List<Contact> contacts = new List<Contact>();
            for (Integer i = 0; i < 6; i++) {
                contacts.add(createContact('First' + i, 'Last' + i, account.id));
            }
            
            List<AccountAndContacts__e> messages = AccountAndContactsEventGenerator.getEventMessages(account);
            System.assertEquals(messages.size(), 2);
            AccountAndContacts__e message = messages.get(0);
            System.assertEquals(message.AccountName__c, 'Acme Corp');
            System.assertEquals(message.AccountSFID__c, account.Id);
            List<AccountAndContactsEventGenerator.ContactData> firstFiveContacts 
                = (List<AccountAndContactsEventGenerator.ContactData>) 
                JSON.deserialize(messages.get(0).Contacts__c, List<AccountAndContactsEventGenerator.ContactData>.class);
    
            System.assertEquals(firstFiveContacts.size(), 5);
            System.assertEquals(firstFiveContacts.get(1).userId, contacts.get(1).Id);
            System.assertEquals(firstFiveContacts.get(2).firstName, 'First2');
            System.assertEquals(firstFiveContacts.get(3).LastName, 'Last3');
            System.assertEquals(firstFiveContacts.get(4).emailAddress, 'last4@yopmail.com');
    
            List<AccountAndContactsEventGenerator.ContactData> sixthContact = 
                (List<AccountAndContactsEventGenerator.ContactData>) 
                JSON.deserialize(messages.get(1).Contacts__c, List<AccountAndContactsEventGenerator.ContactData>.class);
            
            System.assertEquals(sixthContact.size(), 1);
        }
        
        private static Contact createContact(String firstName, String lastName, Id accountId) {
            Contact contact = new Contact();
            contact.FirstName = firstName;
            contact.LastName = lastName;
            contact.AccountId = accountId;
            contact.Email = lastName + '@yopmail.com';
            insert contact;
            return contact;
        }
    }
    
  3. Create an Apex trigger (and test class) to activate generator based on desired criteria.. Here I'm placing an after-update trigger on the Account object that will trigger the generator if the Account's name has changed. This demonstrates how the generator can be selectively activated based on the nature of changes to an object.

    trigger trigger_AccountUpdate on Account (after update) {
        
        for (Account a : Trigger.New) {
            if (!a.Name.equals(Trigger.OldMap.get(a.Id).Name)) {
                AccountAndContactsEventGenerator.publishAccountAndContactsEvents(a);
            }
        }
    }
    

    Test class: The trigger test checks that a platform event message is generated if and only if the Account name changes. As discussed earlier, I rely on the calls static variable in the generator for this.

    @isTest
    public class TestAccountUpdate {
        @isTest
        static void testUpdateWithNameChangeGeneratesEvent() {
           Account account = new Account(Name = 'Acme Corp', BillingCity = 'Philadelphia');
           insert account;
            
           account.name = 'New Acme Corp';
           update account;
            
           System.assertEquals(1, AccountAndContactsEventGenerator.calls);   
        }
        
        @isTest
        static void testUpdateWithNoNameChangeGeneratesNoEvent() {
           Account account = new Account(Name = 'Acme Corp', BillingCity = 'Philadelphia');
           insert account;
            
           account.BillingCity = 'Baltimore';
           update account;
    
           System.assertEquals(0, AccountAndContactsEventGenerator.calls);           
        }
    }
    
  4. Create an Apex REST Controller (and test class) to activate generator for a specific Account.. If you're new to Salesforce REST Controllers, recommend its Trailhead tutorial.. It shows convenient ways of making REST calls via cURL and Salesforce's Developer Workbench. Additionally, my Salesforce client has an ApexRestCaller and integrated tests showing a way to call Apex endpoints from Java.

    @RestResource(urlMapping='/AccountAndContactsPE/*')
    global with sharing class AccountAndContactsEventRESTEndpoint {
        
        @HttpPost
        global static void generatePlatformEvent() {
            RestRequest req = RestContext.request;
            String accountId = req.requestURI.substring(req.requestURI.lastIndexOf('/')+1);
            // using List<Account> instead of Account below for safer handling of no matching records
            // see: https://developer.salesforce.com/forums/?id=906F000000094QZIAY
            List<Account> accountList = [SELECT Id, Name FROM Account WHERE Id = :accountID];
            Account account = (accountList != null && accountList.size() > 0) ? accountList[0] : null;
            if (account != null) {
                AccountAndContactsEventGenerator.publishAccountAndContactsEvents(account);
            } else {
                System.debug('Could not find Account w/ID = ' + accountId);
            }
        }
    }
    
    @isTest
    public class AccountAndContactsEventEndpointTest {
    
        @isTest
        static void testGeneratePlatformEventMessage() {
            // Testing method: https://trailhead.salesforce.com/content/learn/modules/apex_integration_services/apex_integration_webservices
            Account account = new Account(Name = 'RestTestAccount');
            insert account;
        	RestRequest request = new RestRequest();
            request.httpMethod = 'POST';
            request.requestUri = 'https://doesntmatterignored/services/apexrest/AccountAndContactsPE/' + account.id;
            RestContext.request = request;
            
            // call method
            AccountAndContactsEventRESTEndpoint.generatePlatformEvent();
            System.assertEquals(1, AccountAndContactsEventGenerator.calls);
        }
    
        @isTest
        static void testNoAccountNoPlatformEventMessage() {
            // creating a contact just to get a SF ID not tied to an account.
            Contact contact = new Contact(firstname='First', lastname='Last');
            
            // Testing method: https://trailhead.salesforce.com/content/learn/modules/apex_integration_services/apex_integration_webservices
            Account account = new Account(Name = 'RestTestAccount');
            insert account;
        	RestRequest request = new RestRequest();
            request.httpMethod = 'POST';
            request.requestUri = 'https://doesntmatterignored/services/apexrest/AccountAndContactsPE/' + contact.id;
            RestContext.request = request;
            
            // call method, no PE because no Account with Contact's SF ID
            AccountAndContactsEventRESTEndpoint.generatePlatformEvent();
            System.assertEquals(0, AccountAndContactsEventGenerator.calls);
        }
    }
    
  5. Subscribe to the event messages. I added a JSON supporting class and processor for this particular platform event to my Salesforce Event Listener covered in an earlier tutorial. The sample logs the contents of any messages received. Due to the trigger created in this tutorial, all that is needed is to change the name of an account in Salesforce and messages, one for every five contacts at the company, will be sent out and picked up by this listener.

Posted by Glen Mazza in Salesforce at 07:00AM Jul 04, 2021 | Tags:  java  salesforce | Comments[0]

https://glenmazza.net/blog/date/20210519 Wednesday May 19, 2021

Creating and Processing Enriched Change Data Capture Events

Salesforce Trailhead's Create a Custom Channel and Enrich Change Events tutorial shows how to create new Change Data Capture (CDC) channels providing "enriched" messages, i.e., those having certain fields always present. While CREATE and UNDELETE event messages always provide all non-null fields, UPDATE and DELETE events do not, but event enriching can be used for the latter two cases. For example, in my previous tutorial, it would be more readable to always return the Account Name in update and delete events so it can be logged alongside the Account Salesforce ID. And the tutorial gives an example of creating a custom External Account ID field in Salesforce that can be provided in every message and used to identify an account record in the external system for synchronization.

Some drawbacks/limitations of event enriching:

  • It is no longer possible to send multiple changes in one event message (e.g., receiving one message that 100 Salesforce IDs of a given entity had the same field changed to a specific value), as each record will have a separate enriched field value.
  • The enriched fields cannot contain elements from other entities beyond their Salesforce ID, so for a Contact message one can get the Contact's Account ID but not properties of the Account such as Name.
  • It is more cumbersome to create and modify custom channels having enriched fields than relying on the default behavior from the standard CDC streams. The Salesforce Setup UI lacks this functionality, one instead can work with the Salesforce Postman project (GitHub) making REST calls against either Tooling or Metadata APIs. The Salesforce tutorial effectively shows the process using the former.

I expanded my CDC listener sample from the previous tutorial to allow for reading from a custom channel "CDCSample__chn" instead of the standard AccountChangeEvent. The channels can be switched just by adjusting the configuration file and restarting the application. Unfortunately, I was unable to get the Account "Name" property to always be provided in the message as an enriched field. I tried five or six other Account fields and they all worked fine, I'm not sure what the problem with Name is, whether my error or a Salesforce bug.

Using Salesforce's Postman project and the Trailhead tutorial, below are the commands I ran to create and configure this custom channel. Main thing to keep in mind is that a channel is a holder for message event streams, but not a message stream itself. A channel contains one or more channel members, with each member providing messages on a particular entity. It is also with the channel member that any desired enriched fields are defined.

  • Creating the custom Platform Event Channel:

    POST to: {{_endpoint}}/services/data/v{{version}}/tooling/sobjects/PlatformEventChannel
    
    with body:
    {  
      "FullName": "CDCSample__chn",
      "Metadata": {
        "channelType": "data",
        "label": "Custom Channel for Change Data Capture Sample"
      }
    }
    

    There should be a success message giving the Salesforce ID of the new channel. Metadata on the PlatformEventChannel can be queried using the following GET call:

    {{_endpoint}}/services/data/v{{version}}/tooling/query/?q=SELECT Id, FullName FROM PlatformEventChannel WHERE DeveloperName='CDCSample'
    
  • Creating a PlatformEventChannelMember in the PlatformEventChannel. Here I'm choosing three fields to always appear.

    POST to {{_endpoint}}/services/data/v{{version}}/tooling/sobjects/PlatformEventChannelMember
    
    {
      "FullName": "CDCSample_chn_AccountChangeEvent",
      "Metadata": {
        "enrichedFields": [
          {
            "name": "Industry"
          },
          {
            "name": "Name"
          },
          {
            "name": "TickerSymbol"
          }
        ],
        "eventChannel": "CDCSample__chn",
        "selectedEntity": "AccountChangeEvent"
      }
    }
    

    The success message provides the ID for the Channel Member, whose details can be later queried with a GET similar to the following:

    {{_endpoint}}/services/data/v{{version}}/tooling/sobjects/PlatformEventChannelMember/0v85e0000004Cl7AAE
    

    Sample output:

    {
        "attributes": {
            "type": "PlatformEventChannelMember",
            "url": "/services/data/v51.0/tooling/sobjects/PlatformEventChannelMember/0v85e0000004Cl7AAE"
        },
        "Id": "0v85e0000004Cl7AAE",
        "IsDeleted": false,
        "DeveloperName": "CDCSample_chn_AccountChangeEvent",
        "Language": "en_US",
        "MasterLabel": "AccountChangeEvent",
        "NamespacePrefix": null,
        "ManageableState": "unmanaged",
        "CreatedDate": "2021-05-15T16:01:21.000+0000",
        "CreatedById": "0055e000000nMxcAAE",
        "LastModifiedDate": "2021-05-19T10:27:59.000+0000",
        "LastModifiedById": "0055e000000nMxcAAE",
        "SystemModstamp": "2021-05-19T10:27:59.000+0000",
        "FullName": "CDCSample_chn_AccountChangeEvent",
        "Metadata": {
            "enrichedFields": [
                {
                    "name": "Industry"
                },
                {
                    "name": "Name"
                },
                {
                    "name": "TickerSymbol"
                }
            ],
            "eventChannel": "CDCSample__chn",
            "selectedEntity": "AccountChangeEvent",
            "urls": null
        },
        "EventChannel": "0YL5e0000008OIAGA2",
        "SelectedEntity": "AccountChangeEvent"
    }
    

    Above query provides the enriched fields, but for links to them specifically, this query can be used:

    {{_endpoint}}/services/data/v{{version}}/tooling/query/?q=SELECT Id,ChannelMemberId,Field FROM EnrichedField ORDER BY ChannelMemberId
    
  • Keep this tutorial page handy for whenever it is needed to adjust the enriched fields of a platform event channel member. It involves PATCH requests to the endpoint originally used to create the stream.

Posted by Glen Mazza in Salesforce at 07:00AM May 19, 2021 | Tags:  cometd  salesforce  change-data-capture  platform-events | Comments[0]

https://glenmazza.net/blog/date/20210511 Tuesday May 11, 2021

Using Spring Boot to process Salesforce Change Data Capture events

Update July 2021: Added a sample platform event processor to the Github project in support of the Platform Event tutorial.

Change Data Capture (also known as change events) in Salesforce refers to a special type of platform event in which messaging events are created based on changes to records of specified Salesforce entities like Account or Contact. Events are marked by a specific change type--CREATE, UPDATE, DELETE, UNDELETE (with additional "Gap" events when the creation of events are not possible)--allowing the subscriber to react appropriately. In Salesforce Trailhead, they are covered in the latter half of the Design Event-Driven Apps for Real-Time Integration trail. Note to some degree you can also "enrich" the messages with always-to-be-provided fields helpful for processing, see the Trailhead tutorial for more information. Enrichment does carry a risk however of having multiple messages with the same ReplayID.

I added a Spring Boot Salesforce Event Listener sample to Github that shows how change events to the Account entity can be captured and logged. To use, first create a Salesforce connected app and from the Change Data Capture screen in Salesforce Setup enable messages from the Account entity. Then rename and configure the CDC Listener application.properties~template file as explained in that file. The application can then be run as any other Spring Boot app, e.g., from IntelliJ IDEA or via command-line using gradle bootRun. Any changes you make to Accounts will result in logged output from the CDC Listener. For the purposes of this sample the CDC Listener presently reports on changes to just three Account fields--name (a String), rating (an enum), and number of employees (an int). However, it is easy to modify the AccountCDCEvent.Payload class to include whatever Account fields desired.

Sample output while editing accounts:

n.g.c.processor.AccountCDCProcessor : Account added: 0015e000002pK7EAAU, name Glen's First Account, employee count 12, rating Hot
n.g.c.processor.AccountCDCProcessor : Account updated: 0015e000002pK7EAAU: Rating to Warm 
n.g.c.processor.AccountCDCProcessor : Account updated: 0015e000002pK7EAAU: Num employees to 15 Rating to null 
n.g.c.processor.AccountCDCProcessor : Account added: 0015e000002pNwUAAU, name Glen's Second Account, employee count 50, rating Hot
n.g.c.processor.AccountCDCProcessor : Account deleted: 0015e000002pNwUAAU
n.g.c.processor.AccountCDCProcessor : Account undeleted: 0015e000002pNwUAAU, name Glen's Second Account, employee count 50, rating Hot

For production, the potential for Gap events will need to be handled, see the Salesforce documentation for suggested strategies.

Posted by Glen Mazza in Salesforce at 07:00AM May 11, 2021 | Comments[0]

https://glenmazza.net/blog/date/20210404 Sunday April 04, 2021

Spring Security 5 Java client for making Salesforce API Calls

I posted to Github a Spring Boot-based client library for making OAuth2-enabled REST calls to Salesforce's API. Supported are Salesforce's JWT Bearer Token and username/password flows discussed in my earlier blog post. The library supports use of Salesforce's REST API, SOQL Query, and Apex REST functionality. It uses Spring Security's OAuth 2 client to obtain access tokens necessary for making these calls.

The integrated test cases give examples of the client in action. As they involve creating, updating, and deleting Salesforce Accounts they should be run against a non-production instance. Salesforce offers free developer instances you can sign up for. Note the test case for the Apex REST functionality will require installing this Apex REST endpoint from the Salesforce documentation. To run the tests, first create an application-test.properties file in the itest resources folder with the configuration necessary for the flow you are using. There is a template file in that folder specifying what is needed for each OAuth2 flow type. For usage of this library by other applications, this configuration would be placed in the importing application's properties file. The library's SalesforceOAuth2Config class reads that configuration, and will halt on startup with informational messages if anything needed is missing. Once done, the integrated tests can be run from IntelliJ or command-line via ./gradlew integratedTest.

The Username/Password flow is supported out of the box by Spring, but the JWT bearer token flow requires some extra classes that I implemented following Spring's source code for their standard password and client grant flows:

Within the app, SOQL queries are handled by the SOQLQueryRunner which provides two options for responses: a JSON-formatted string or a developer-defined parameterized implementation of SOQLQueryResponse (example in the integrated test). The latter takes advantage of the fact that SOQL queries share much common structure and need only a relatively small portion to be overridden to hold fields specific to the SOQL query.

What happens when access tokens expire? The WebClient calls have a retry(1) setting that allows for one additional call to the resource server in case of an error such as using an expired access token. In such cases, for the first call, the failure handler in SalesforceOAuth2Config removes the authorized client instance (which has the invalid access token) from memory. For the retry call, SalesforceJwtBearerOAuth2AuthorizedClientProvider notes that there is not an authorized client instance anymore so proceeds to obtain a new access token to allow the second call to proceed. This functionality can be verified by revoking the access token from either Salesforce Setup's Session Management screen or from Connected Apps usage, and confirming that a subsequent resource API call still provides the data. Code breakpoints can also be used to confirm another access token was requested.

Additional Resources

Posted by Glen Mazza in Salesforce at 07:00AM Apr 04, 2021 | Tags:  oauth2  java  salesforce  spring | Comments[0]

https://glenmazza.net/blog/date/20210328 Sunday March 28, 2021

Making Salesforce API calls with Postman

Salesforce's Mohith Shrivastava's second Connected App tutorial shows how the JWT Bearer Token Flow can be used with Postman to obtain access tokens. Separately, SFDCStop shows how to use an access token to retrieve data from Salesforce. Summary of the process for getting an access token via JWT Bearer Token flow is given below, along with the alternative Username-Password flow.

Obtaining Access Token via JWT Bearer Token Flow

Mohith's second tutorial largely follows the Trailblazer documentation for creating the JWT necessary for obtaining an access token. First, within Postman, open a POST request to https://test.salesforce.com/services/oauth2/token (or login.salesforce.com for production) with two query attributes, grant_type hardcoded to urn:ietf:params:oauth:grant-type:jwt-bearer and assertion with a value that can be generated at JWT.io as follows:

  1. Place {"alg":"RS256"} in the JWT header.

  2. Place the following in the JWT payload, updating the iss value with the Client ID of the connected app, the aud value (should be either https://test.salesforce.com for sandbox instances, https://login.salesforce.com for all others, including developer instances), the sub with the Salesforce resource owner (the user ID, usually expressed as an email), and exp value being the ten-digit current UNIX timestamp. Ensure there are no spaces or carriage returns in the payload:

    {"iss":"--client id--","sub":"--salesforce user--","aud":"https://test.salesforce.com","exp":"1616865336"}

    You may also wish to add a "jti" field (JWT ID), the value of which can be a randomly generated UUID. As stated in the Trailblazer documentation linked above, if a "jti" field is added, Salesforce will make sure the JWT hasn't been used to make a prior access token request, serving as a guard against replay attacks. If it has been used, it will return a 400 response code with message { "error": "invalid_request", "error_description": "jti already in use"}.

  3. Finally, in the Verify Signature portion, as generated in the previous tutorial, place the PublicCert.crt contents and the private key found in key.pem (including the BEGIN/END delimiters) in the corresponding boxes. JWT.io should report "Signature Verified", upon which you can copy the left-side as the assertion value into the Postman call. Make the call and you should get an access token in response.

    BearerTokenRequest

Obtaining Access Token via Username-Password Flow

This process is much more straightforward as no keys are used. As shown in the Salesforce documentation, you can simply make a POST request with the following five query parameters: grant_type, client_id, client_secret, username, and password.

PostmanViaUsernamePwd

Making Salesforce calls using the Access Token

As demo'ed in the SFDCStop video, can create a GET request to say https://yoursalesforceinstance.salesforce.com/services/data/v50.0/query?q=SELECT+Name,Type+FROM+Account. Under the Authorization tab, select "Bearer", copy-and-paste the access token in, and make the API call.

SOQLQuery

More information on SOQL calls are available here.

Posted by Glen Mazza in Salesforce at 07:00AM Mar 28, 2021 | Tags:  oauth2  salesforce  postman | Comments[0]


Calendar
« July 2022
Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
Today
About Me
Java Software Engineer
TightBlog project maintainer
Arlington, Virginia USA
glen.mazza at pm dot me
GitHub profile for Glen Mazza at Stack Overflow, Q&A for professional and enthusiast programmers
Blog Search


Blog article index
Navigation
About Blog
Blog software: TightBlog 3.7.2
Application Server: Tomcat
Database: MySQL
Hosted on: Linode
SSL Certificate: Let's Encrypt
Installation Instructions