Glen Mazza's Weblog

https://glenmazza.net/blog/date/20230507 Sunday May 07, 2023

Java Client for Salesforce CRM API calls

Updated May 2023.

I've made available on GitHub a Spring Security-based client library for making OAuth2-enabled REST calls to Salesforce CRM's API. The library supports use of Salesforce's:

For authentication, supported are Salesforce's JWT Bearer Token and username/password flows discussed in my earlier blog post. Spring Security's OAuth 2 client are used to obtain access tokens necessary for making these calls.

The integrated test cases give examples of the client in action. As they involve creating, updating, and deleting Salesforce Accounts they should be run against a non-production instance. Salesforce offers free developer instances. Note the test case for the Apex REST functionality will require installing this Apex REST endpoint from the Salesforce documentation. To run the tests, first create an application-test.properties file in the itest resources folder with the configuration necessary for the flow you are using. There is a template file in that folder specifying what is needed for each OAuth2 flow type. For usage of this library by other applications, this configuration would be placed in the importing application's properties file. The library's SalesforceOAuth2Config class reads that configuration, and will halt on startup with informational messages if anything needed is missing. Once done, the integrated tests can be run from IntelliJ or command-line via ./gradlew integratedTest.

The Username/Password flow is supported out of the box by Spring, but the JWT bearer token flow requires some extra classes implemented in the client:

What happens when access tokens expire? The WebClient calls have a retry(1) setting that allows for one additional call to the resource server in case of an error such as using an expired access token. In such cases, for the first call, the failure handler in SalesforceOAuth2Config removes the authorized client instance (which has the invalid access token) from memory. For the retry call, SalesforceJwtBearerOAuth2AuthorizedClientProvider notes that there is not an authorized client instance anymore so proceeds to obtain a new access token to allow the second call to proceed. This functionality can be verified by revoking the access token from either Salesforce Setup's Session Management screen or from Connected Apps usage, and confirming that a subsequent resource API call still provides the data. Code breakpoints can also be used to confirm another access token was requested.

Additional Resources

Posted by Glen Mazza in Salesforce CRM at 03:00AM May 07, 2023 | Comments[0]

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